Sample Projects: Middle East / North Africa

Value Chain Analysis in Lebanon; Let's Work

One of the initial three pilot projects for the Let’s Work Program.  With the objective being to create more, better and inclusive jobs in Lebanon, GDS, through a series of structured and semi-structured interviews with stakeholders along selected value chains, 1) assessed dynamics of the value chains and identified opportunities and requirements (interventions needed) to support growth and especially to better integrate smallholders / MSMEs into established value chains; and 2) quantified then-current and potential jobs in each respective core value chain and wider supply chain.  

Given six potential sectors, through a series of assessments, GDS selected two sectors with the highest job creation potential and then determined the most promising sub-sectors – potatoes and waste management/recycling – within each.  The assignment encompassed detailed value chain mapping for each selected sub-sector.  Using the value chain mapping to define the sample frame, stakeholders along the value chain of each sub-sector were administered a standardized survey.  To gain deeper insight into the respective sectors, semi-structured interviews were tailored and targeted to other organizations and pertinent stakeholders within the value chains.  The survey results combined with the semi-structured interview responses were used to formulate interventions needed within the respective value chains to increase job growth (more, better and inclusive jobs) – particularly for females and youth.  Further assessments were made regarding current job opportunities and corresponding skills gap based on available labor force.  GDS also quantified potential jobs in each sub-sector based on expected sector growth resulting from the recommended interventions to increase competitiveness of the value chains along combined with the multiplier effect upon ancillary sectors throughout related supply chains.

Morocco Agriculture Sector Programmatic Study: Value Chain Analysis for Citrus and Olive Oil

In support of the Morocco - Agriculture Sector Programmatic Study, Global Development Solutions conducted a rapid value chain analysis of the citrus and olive sectors, with fresh oranges and olive oil as indicative products, to improve the understating of supply chain dynamics and market linkages.  The study, which focused on activities on-farm and grower-to-processor, looked to identify opportunities to improve marketing participation and income in lagging regions, particularly for small-scale growers and SME processors, with an emphasis on women and youth.  

For the analysis, GDS created detailed supply chain maps for the citrus and olive sectors; analyzed the value chains for independent and cooperative growers, citrus packhouses, and olive oil processors; quantified sector employment, disaggregated for gender and youth; and analyzed the effects of weather variability and climate change on sector yields, harvest timing, employment, water cost and availability, export ability, and adaptive measures.

Based on these analyses, GDS proposed specific interventions for each sector to:
•    Improve grower profitability;
•    Improve quality and quantity through enhanced farm management practices;
•    Improve ability to cope with weather variability and climate change;
•    Increase sector employment overall and for women and youth, via increased production and processing and support industries;
•    Increase engagement and interest of youth in sector;
•    Strengthen formal market linkages and improve income stability for growers;
•    Introduce policy to fill gaps in supply chain; and
•    Ensure sector sustainability and ability to meet targets for export and domestic consumption.

Local Engagement Strategy for Waad Al-Shamaal Industrial City Project

This program called for the development of a new city in Saudi Arabia. GDS was contracted to enable local content in constructing the new city’s infrastructure and retaining local content supply of goods and services for maintenance and sustainable long-term employment. GDS was contracted directly by one of the world’s leading construction firms to assist the Saudi government and country’s leading mineral and mining corporation in initial stages of establishing the new city located in northwest Saudi Arabia near Iraqi and Jordanian borders. Specifically, GDS provided expertise in developing a strategy for a series of initiatives to uplift the local community by creating employment and income-generating opportunities in the area. Target markets were villages and towns in the northern region. GDS provided best practice approaches to community engagement, local business development, institutional capacity building, community development, and public private partnerships in support of localization.